In this activity, students color a DNA molecule according to directions that describe the base-pair rule and how the backbone of the molecule is composed of deoxyribose and phosphate arranged in a double helix. In addition, students are introduced to the concept of messenger RNA and how the sequence of bases determine and amino acid chain and the traits of the organism.
The activity ends with a description of how replication occurs and explains why it is called semi-conservative, showing how one strand from the original is saved during the process.
Students will color DNA, RNA, amino acids and the process of replication. They also must answer questions about DNA from the reading.
This worksheet can be used as an introduction to DNA and molecular biology or as a reinforcement for topics already discussed in class.
Time Required: 35-45 minutes
Grade Level: 9-12
HS-LS3-1 Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of DNA and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring.