Anatomy and Physiology 2

Course Objective: The study of biology contributes to the general cultural knowledge of the student. A course in physiology meets the needs of a more complete understanding of the basic principles of the body and its functions. Those students interested in health professions are introduced to the concepts which will provide them a foundation for further studies.

I. The Sense Organs

A. The anatomy of the eye and how vision works
B. Dissection of a cow eye
C. The anatomy of the ear and how hearing works
D. Olfactory and gustatory sense organs

II. Endocrine System

A. Basic functions of the endocrine system
B. Hormones and health

III. The Circulatory System

A. Anatomy of the heart
B. Cardiac cycle, heart rate, and pulse
C. Dissection of a sheep heart
D. Identify major arteries and veins
E. Cat dissection - trace the arteries and veins
F. Measurement of blood pressure using the sphygmomanometer
G. Types of blood cells
H. Genetics of blood types

IV. The Digestive System

A. Organs involved in digestion
B. The alimentary canal and accessory organs
C. Metabolism and energy balance (basal metabolic rate)
D. Disorders of the digestive system

*Final Dissection of the Cat includes the digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive systems. students dissecting cat

V. The Respiratory System

A. Organs involved in respiration
B. Breathing mechanism and gas exchange
C. Disorders of the respiratory system

VI. Urinary System

A. Anatomy of the kidneys (general and microscopic)
B. Urine formation and elimination
C. Disorders of the urinary systems

VII. Reproductive System

A. Organs of the male reproductive system
B. Organs of the female reproductive system
C. Birth control and pregnancy