Anatomy and Physiology 1

skullCourse Objective: The study of biology contributes to the general cultural knowledge of the student. Beyond this, a course in physiology meets the needs of a more complete understanding of the basic principles of ones own body and its functions. Those students interested in health professions are introduced to the concepts which will provide them a foundation for further studies.

I. Organization of the Body

A. Characteristics of life
B. Organization of the body (organ systems)
C. Body Cavities and Serous Membranes
D. Planes of the body and body regions
E. Maintenance of homeostasis
F. Exploration of health careers

II. Cells

A. Cell Structure and function of organelles
B. Movment of substances (osmosis and diffusion)
C. DNA, mitosis, and cell division

III. Tissues: Four Basic Types

A. Location and function of the different types of tisue
B. Identify epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous tissue

IV. The Skeletal System (Charts and Skeleton)

A. Microscopic structure of bone tissue
B. Identify the bones of the body
C. Compare difference between male and female skeletons
D. Changes in bones during aging
E. Articulation and different types of joints

V. The Muscular System

A. Skeletal muscle cells - microscopic structures
B. Idenftification of muscles - face, neck, arms, thorax, abdomen, and legs
C. Basic principles of muscular contraction
D. Identify the main muscles groups on the cat

VI. The Nervous System

A. Microscopic structure of nerve cells (neuroglial cells)
B. Two main divisions of the autonomic nervous system
B. Nerve impulses (neurons) and action potential
C. Brain - structure and function of individal parts
D. Location of meninges and ventricles
E. Identification of the 31 spinal nerves and 12 cranial nerves
F. Dissection of the sheep brain