In humans, albinism is a recessive trait. The disorder causes a lack of pigment in the skin and hair, making an albino appear very pale with white hair and pale blue eyes. This disorder also occurs in animals, a common albino found in a laboratory is the white rat.
The pedigrees below trace the inheritance of the allele that causes albinism. In each pedigree, a male is represented by a square and a female is represented by a circle. If the shape is shaded, that indicates that the individual displays the trait being studied. In the case below, shaded circles represent individuals who are albino (aa).
1. Given the following genotypes, describe the phenotypes (normal or albino)
AA = ________________________________
Aa = ________________________________
aa = ________________________________
Fill out the blanks on the pedigree
How many children does this family have? _______
What are the sexes of the children? ________
2. Fill out the blanks of the pedigree (AA, Aa, or aa)
How many children did the original couple have? ___
How many grandchildren do they have? ______
3. The following pedigree shows the inheritance of Tay-Sachs in a family. Tay-Sachs is a recessive disorder that causes lysosomes to be unable to break down waste products in the cell. These wastes build up in brain cells and cause damage and eventual death. Indicate the genotypes for each of the family members.