Name: ____________________________________

The Language of Science

butterflyThe main reason students find it difficult to understand science is because of all the hard to write, spell and read words. Actually, scientific vocabulary is a hodge podge of little words that are linked together to have different meanings. If you learn the meanings of the little words, you'll find scientific vocabulary much easier to understand. Use this list to guess the meaning of each of the terms.

Word
Meaning
hemo blood
hyper above
hypo below
intra within, inside
itis disease, inflammation
lateral side
logy study of
lys break down
meter measurement
meso middle
mono one, single
morph form
micro small
macro large
multi many
pod foot
phage to eat
phobia dislike, fear
philia like
plasm form
proto first
photo light
poly many
sclera harden
synthesis to make
sub lesser, below
troph eat, consume
therm heat
vore swallow, devour
zoo, zoa animal
Word
Meaning
a or an not, without, lacking
auto self
aero air
endo inner, inside
entero intestine
aero needing oxygen or air
anti against
amphi both, doubly
aqua water
arthro joint
auto self
bi two, twice, double
bio life, living
carne flesh
cephal head
chloro green
chromo color
cide killer, kill, killing
cyto cell
derm skin
di two, double
ecto (exo) outer, external
endo internal
epi above
gastro stomach
genesis origin, beginning
herba plants
hetero different
homo alike, similar
hydro water

1. Hydrology ________________________________________________
2. Cytology _________________________________________________
3. Protozoa ________________________________________________
4. Epidermis _______________________________________________

What scientific words can you create or think of from the list? (Come up with at least 4)

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Apatasaurus, or "deceptive lizard"

5. Spermatogenesis __________________________________________
6. Cytoskeleton ______________________________________________
7. Abiotic __________________________________________________
8. Dermatitis _______________________________________________
9. Hypodermic _____________________________________________
10. Hemophilia _____________________________________________
11. Endocytosis ____________________________________________
12. Insecticide _____________________________________________
13. Anaerobic _____________________________________________
14. Bilateral _______________________________________________
15. Endotherm _____________________________________________
16. Subspecies ____________________________________________
17. Arthropod _____________________________________________
18. Micrometer ____________________________________________
19. Hypothermia ___________________________________________
20. Polymorph ____________________________________________
21. Photosynthesis ________________________________________
22. Amphibios (amphibian) __________________________________
23. Heterotroph __________________________________________
24. Encephalitis __________________________________________
25. Monochrome _________________________________________
26. Autolysis _____________________________________________
27. Herbivore ____________________________________________
28. Homology ____________________________________________
29. Macrophage _________________________________________
30. Carnivore ____________________________________________
31. Gastroenterologist _____________________________________
32. Scleroderma __________________________________________
33. Autotroph __________________________________________
34. Autolysis __________________________________________
35. Podiatrist __________________________________________