Data Collection is Fun(gi)

Forms of fungi can be seen almost everywhere, and you may pass varieties of fungi on trees, logs, in your yard and not even take a moment to look at them. Some fungi are very tiny, even microscopic, others can be gigantic and even extend over large areas. The fruiting bodies of fungi are formed when the fungi reproduces and are specific to each type of fungi, each can have differences in shape, color, width and height. Biologists who study fungi learn to identify a mushroom by the shape of its top, its coloration and other features that are unique to its species.

The following data was gathered by a field biologist who was searching for fungi specimens in a field. Your job is to design a table, chart or graph that will organize the data the biologist gathered.

Specimen 5

X. hypoxylon,Candle-snuff fungus
Color: black and white
Found growing on a dead log
Height of fruiting body: 8 cm

candle snuff fungus

Specimen 6

M. esculenta, Morchella, true morel
Color: brown-yellow
Height of fruiting body: 14 cm


Specimen 1

A. aurantia, Orange-peel fungus
Color: Orange
Found near deer trail
Height of fruiting body: 12 cm



Specimen 2

C. argillacca, Moor-club fungus
Color: pale yellow
Height of fruiting body: 6 cm

moor club fungus

Specimen 7

R. fennica, Coral fungus
Found growing under a pine tree
Color: pink
Height of fruiting body: 5 cm

yellow coral fungus

Before you make your chart, consider the data that the biologist gathered and try to come up with a logical way of presenting that information on a table.

Not all specimens have the same information, and you will need to make some decisions about which data to include or exclude.


Specimen 3

L. lubrica, jellybaby fungus
Height of fruiting body: 6 cm
Color: dark yellow

Spores present, ~ 150, each ~10 micrometres (μm)

jelly baby fungus

Specimen 4

P. vesiculosa, early-cup fungus
Color: white
Height of fruiting body: 7 cm

early cup fungus

The same field biologist realizes that jellybaby fungi seem to grow in clusters. The size of each of the caps of the individuals vary, but generally range between 1-4 cm in diameter. He notes that in clusters that have many individual stalks, the caps seem to be smaller in diameter. Those that have fewer stalks have larger diameter caps. To show that there is a relationship between these two features, he finds three clusters of jellybabys and measures their cap diameter and counts the number of fruiting bodies (stalks) in the cluster.

Site 1 Site 2 Site 3

Number of stalks in cluster: 6

Diameter of each cap (in cm):
1.1, 1.2, 1.5, 1.6, 2,

Number of stalks in cluster: 4

Diameter of each cap (in cm):
2.5, 2.8, 3.2, 3.4

Number of stalks in cluster: 5

Diameter of each cap (in cm):
2.1, 2.2, 2.4, 3.1, 3.3

Use the data gathered to show the relationship between number of stalks and diameter of the cap in a GRAPH format. The type of graph you make is up to you, but it MUST clearly show the relationship between those two variables.