1. Reptiles Share Several Key ________________________
2. Reptiles live in all areas of the world except ___________________________
3. List the 7 key features of reptiles. (fig 35-1)
4. Why are reptiles better able to move on land than amphibians?
5. Explain how a reptile can change its behavior to regulate its temperature.
6. Based on the graph in figure 35-2, where would you most likely find a lizard at:
7am: ______________ 2pm : ________________Night :__________________________
7. A Key Adaptation to _______________________ Life Is Water Retention
8. How is the reptile's skin better adapted to living on land than the amphibians?
9. This type of egg contains both water and a food supply for the developing embryo: ____________
10. Match the descriptions to the part of the amniote egg
_____ yolk sac
|a. allows oxygen to enter the egg and carbon dioxide to leave
b. a membrane that encloses the embryo within a watery environment
c. contains the developing embryo's food supply
d. a membrane-covered cavity that stores waste products from the embryo and serves as the embryo's organ for gas exchange
11. Reptiles Need More _____________________ than Amphibians. Why? _________________________________________________________________
12. How many chambers does a reptilian heart have? ____________________
13. Blood that has been oxygenated in the lungs returns to the heart and enters the ______________________, from there, the fresh blood enters the ______________________, and then is pumped to the ______________________ (See figure 35-5)
14. Reptiles have ____________________________ Fertilization.
15. Compare oviparous to ovoviviparous.
Section 35-2: Today's Reptiles
16. Lizards and Snakes Have a Unique _____________ Design
17. What is the world's largest snake? _____________________________________
18. How is the jaw of snakes and lizards unique? _______________________________________
19. What is the largest monitor lizard? ________________________________________
20. How are snakes and lizards alike? ______________________________________
21. Give two examples of constrictors: ___________________________________
22. Of the 13 families of snakes, only ______ are venomous. Name two types of venomous snakes. ____________________________________________________________________
23. Other Orders of Reptiles are Less ________________
24. What is the difference between a turtle and a tortoise?
25. The upper part of the turtle's shell is called a _______________________
and the lower part is called the __________________________
26. Of living reptiles, which is the most closely related to dinosaurs? _______________________
27. Describe how crocodilians capture prey. __________________________________
28. Describe how crocodilian bodies are adapted to the way they hunt.
29. How are crocodiles different from alligators (see fig 35-11)?
30. How are tuataras different from other reptiles?
See "Up Close: Timber Rattlesnake" (page 790-791
31. What is the purpose of the rattlesnake's pit organ? _______________________
32. What is the purpose of the Jacobson's organ? ___________________________
33. What are the effects of rattlesnake venom? ______________________________
34. Why do some rattlesnakes have longer rattles than others? __________________
35. In what region of the US does a timber rattlesnake live? ______________________________
What is the rattlesnake's preffered habitat? _______________________
Section 35-3: Characteristics and Diversity of Birds
1. Birds Share Several Key ______________________. List 4 of them.
2. Feathers are modified reptilian ___________ and develop from tiny pits called ____________________.
3. Match the feather to its description.
|____ down feathers
____ flight feathers
____ countour feathers
|a. covers the body and gives the bird shape
b. provides insulation
c. specialized countour feathers found on the wings and tail
4. Why does a bird put oil on its feathers?
5. What is preening?
6. Name two structures on the bird skeleton that no other living vertebrate has.
7. What purpose does the large keeled breastbone serve? (fig 35-15)
8. What is an endotherm?
9. In the avian heart, oxygen poor blood from the body enters the ________________, from there it travels to the _______________________ and then goes to the _________________ (See fig 35-16)
10. Why do birds have a much higher demand for energy than other animals?
11. How far can migrating birds fly? _________________________
12. Use the picture of the Avian Lung Structure (fig 35-18) to answer true or false to the following statements.
______ During inhalation, fresh air is pulled into the anterior air sacs.
______ Fresh air enters the lungs through the trachea
______ During exhalation, fresh air from the posterior air sacs enters the lungs.
______ During exhalation, fresh air from the anterior air sacs enters the lungs.
"Up Close: Bald Eagle"
13. What is the most important sense in the bald eagle? _____________
14. What do bald eagles eat? __________________________
15. What does the eagle use its curved beak for? ___________________
16. What is the function of the cerebrum? ____________________________
17. What substances exit the cloaca? _______________________________
18. What is the function of the crop? ________________________________
19. What is the function of the gizzard? ______________________________
20. Birds are Adapted for Different Ways of ___________
21. _______ % of all birds belong to the Passeriformes group, also known as _________________.
22. Describe the beaks of carnivorous birds.
23. Describe the feet of songbirds. What are they adapted for?
24. What are long legs, like those on a heron, adapted for?
25. Songbirds have two different types of beaks, describe the beaks and the diet each is adapted for.