Name ________________________________

Chapter 15 - Reading Worksheet

1. Genus is the latin word for _______________________
2. What is taxonomy? ______________________________________________________________
3. Linnaeus's classification system described an animal in [ one | two ] words.
This system was called: ___________________________________________________
4. Oak trees are placed into the genus _______________________________
5. The scientific name for a red oak is ______________________. The scientific name for a willow oak is: ________________________
6. The first letter of a genus name is always [ capitalized | lowercase ] while the first letter of the species name is always [ capitalized | lowercase].
7. Scientific names are always italicized or _____________________________________
8. The name given to a species must conform to the rules established by an _____________________________
9. The scientific name of a bluebird in Utah should be [ different | the same ] as a bluebird in Texas.
10. List the six kingdoms. ____________________________________________________________________
11. (see fig 15-2)A kingdom contains __________________, while an class contains ________________ and a family contains _________________________
12. What is the scientific name of the European honeybee? _________________________________________
13. List three organisms that below to the Order Hymenoptera. _______________________________________
14. The European honeybee belongs to the Phylum ___________________ and the Class __________________
15. Two-thirds of all the named species on earth are ______________________________

Section 15-2
How Biologists Classify Organisms

16. What is a biological species? _______________________________________________________________
17. When individuals of different species reproduce, the offspring are called: _____________________________
18. The scientific name for a dog is _________________. The scientific name for a wolf is __________________
19. The biological species concept fails to describe species that reproduce ____________________________
20. About ____________ million species have been described.
21. Taxonomy Reveals __________________________________ (see heading page 327)
22. When organisms evolve similar features independently is it called ___________________________________
23. Both sharks and dolphins have body plans adapted to _____________________________
24. Similar features that evolved through convergent evolution are called _______________________
25. Why is phylogeny? ________________________________________________
26. A branching diagram that shows evolutionary relationships is called a: ________________________________

View the cladogram to answer the questions.

27. Which two organisms have the amniotic eggs trait?

28. Which three organisms have four legged locomotion?

29. Which organism does NOT have a vertebral column ______________________

30. Which organism does NOT have a jaw bone? ___________________________

Multiple Choice

1. _______ The system of binomial nomenclature was developed by:
a. Linneaus b. Mayr c. Aristotle d. Darwin

2. _______ The scientific name for humans is correctly written as:
a. Homo sapiens b. Homo Sapiens c. Homo sapiens d. homo sapiens

3. _______ For grasshoppers and locusts to be in the same family, they must also be in the same:
a. order b. group c. genus species

4. _______ Two members of the same _____ would be most closely related?
a. order b. family c. phylum d. genus

5. _______ convergent evolution can lead to features called:
a. cladograms b. analogous characters c. derived traits d. wings

6. _______ Cladograms reveal:
a. homologies b. convergences c. binomial names d. evolutionary relationships

7. _______ What feature common to both bats and birds suggests that convergent evolution has occurred?
a. sonar b. method of hunting c. wings d. feathers

8. _______In order to be considered the same species, two organisms must:
a. be similar in size b. live in the same area c. be able to reproduce c. agree to the name

9. _______ Organisms in the same class must also be in the same:
a. kingdom b. order c. genus d. family

10. _____ Seaweed, polecat, and jellyfish are all examples of:
a. scientific names b. common names c. arthropods d. hybrids