34-1 Elements of Behavior

1. What animal washes their food before eating it? _____________________________________
2. Define BEHAVIOR ___________________________________________________________
3. Define STIMULUS ____________________________________________________________
4. What animal can detect the earth's magnetic field? ___________________
5. When an animal responds to a ___________________________, body systems - including sense organs, nervous system, and muscles --- interact to produce the resultant _______________________________.
6. Animal behavior is important to _____________________________ and reproduction.
7. The behavior of the Automeris moth helps the moth to _________________________________________
8. Instincts, or inborn behaviors are also called _________________________ behavior.
9. Innate behaviors appear in fully ____________________________ form the first time they are performed, even though the animal may have had no previous experience with the stimuli to which it responds.
10. Give one example of an innate behavior: _____________________________________________________
11. When animals alter their behavior as a result of experience, it is called _____________________________

12. What are the four major types of learning?
1. __________________________________________________________________
2. __________________________________________________________________
3. __________________________________________________________________
4. __________________________________________________________________

13. The process by which an animal decreases or stops its response to a repetitive stimulus is called __________________
14. The shore ragworm will retreat to its burrow if what stimulus occurs? _________________________________
15. When an animal makes a mental connection between a stimulus and some kind of reward or punishment, it is called
16. The most famous example of classical conditional is the work of ______________________________. He found that he could make dogs salivate by _________________________________________.
17. In Pavlov's experiment, the ______________________ is the stimulus, and the reward is the _________________
18. ___________________________________ occurs when an animal learns to behave in a certain way through repeated practice, in order to receive a reward or to avoid punishment.
19. Operant conditioning is also called ______________________________________ learning.
20. The Skinner box describes a container that has a button, when pressed the animal receives _____________________
21. The most complicated type of learning is ___________________________ learning.
22. Give an example of insight learning: _______________________________________________________________
23. The process by which ducks and geese learn to recognize and follow the first thing they see is called ______________
24. Imprinting is both ____________________________ and innate.
25. Why do salmon imprint on the odor of the stream where they are hatched? _________________________________

Technology & Society (p 877)

26. Studies on animals that moved long distances once required the capture, ___________________, release and then recapture of those animals.
27. Using radio transmitters to gather information about an animal's location and health is called ___________________
28. What animal in Thailand is being studied using this technique? _________________________
29. Where do researchers put transmitters on turtles (what part of their body)? ______________________________

30. Fill out the chart below. (This is not in your book)

concept map