Chapter 30 Review Guide

1. Read the chapter! Review your chapter reading guides, focus on vocabulary!

2. List the 4 main characteristics of chordates.

3. What are the two non-vertebrate chordates we studied and what are their characteristics?

4. What period was the "Age of Fishes?" ____________________________________
What period was the "Age of Amphibians?" _________________________________

5. What are evolutionary adaptations of fish? _________________________________
What are evolutionary adaptations of amphibians? _____________________________

6. Know the classification system of fish and amphibians:
Kingdom________________Phylum __________________Subphylum ______________

7. List Examples for FISH in the following CLASSES:

Class Chondrichthyes ____________________________
Class Osteichthyes ______________________________
Name 2 jawless fish _________________________

8. List examples for AMPHIBIANS in the following ORDERS:

Order Anura _________________________________
OrderUrodela ________________________________
Order Apoda _________________________________

9. Give an example of a ray-finned fish_________________, and a lobe-finned fish _____________________

10. Be able to trace the flow of blood through the fish's heart and through the amphibian's heart. How many chambers are in the fish heart? ________ In the amphibian heart? ____
Which one has single loop circulation? ______________ Which has double loop? _______________

11. Know the organs found within the fish. Be able to identify them on a picture (see fig 30-11)

Swim Bladder | Lateral Line System | Kidneys | Operculum

12. Name each of the fish's fins. (See fig 30-6) and know where they are located. Sketching will be helpful!

13. Describe the process of fish reproduction.

Oviparous | Ovoviviparous | Viviparous

14. Understand the process of metamorphosis and compare an adult frog to a tadpole

15. Know the functions of frog structures:

Tympanic Membrane | Nictitating Membrane | Cloaca

16. Review your lab on fish and their reaction to temperature changes. Understand the difference between an ectothermic and endothermic organism.