34-2 Patterns of Behavior

BEHAVIORAL CYCLES

*Animals respond to periodic changes in environment - daily or seasonal cycles

1.  Migration (movement during a season)

2.  Circadian rhythms  (sleep & wake)

Christmas Crab Migration

COURTSHIP

Sounds, visual displays or chemicals used to attract a mate

Bird of Paradise Dance

Bower Bird Courtship

Social Behavior

Animals live in a "society" that has its own rules and structure

 

- Chimpanzee troops

- Insect colonies

- Wolf/Dog Packs

- Human Societies

 

 

COMPETITION

Occurs between animals, usually for resources (space, water, food)

 

TERRITORY
- space protected
by an animal

AGGRESSION - threatening behavior

What queues does this dog give that does not want Cesar to approach?

COMMUNICATION - passing information,  can be visual, sounds or chemicals

LANGUAGE - using symbols to represent objects and even ideas

 

  * Only humans are capable of true language

 

Apes can learn symbols, but not abstract ideas, like...

 

Freedom, Love, Obsession, Courage, Morality