Selective Breeding


Selective breeding, also known as artificial selection, is a process in which humans intentionally choose and control the reproduction of organisms to develop specific traits or characteristics. This practice has been employed for thousands of years in agriculture and animal husbandry to enhance desirable traits in plants and animals.

Selection of Parental Organisms: Breeders identify individuals with desirable traits, such as high yield, disease resistance, or specific physical characteristics, to serve as the parents in the breeding process.

Example: Breeds of dogs were created using selective breeding. Dogs with traits, like retrieving were bred together to create the retriever group of dogs. Within that group, further selection enhanced other traits to create popular breeds like golden retrievers and labrador retrievers.

Crossbreeding: The selected individuals are bred together, combining their genetic material. This can be done through natural mating or assisted reproductive technologies

Example:Tangelos are a citrus fruit resulting from the hybridization of a tangerine and a pomelo. They often exhibit a sweet and tangy flavor.

Application of Selective Breeding

Selective breeding is applied in various fields, including: