Nervous System  - Review Guide

1.  Know how the nervous system is organized (autonomic, somatic, central, peripheral)
2.  Describe a neuron – be able to label a picture of a neuron (axon, dendrite, nodes of ranvier, cell body, chromatophilic substance, myelin, nucleus)
3.  Identify supporting cells of a neuron (neuroglia) and be able to label them on an image (oligodendrocyte, astrocyte, microglial cells, Schwann cells)
4.  Define neurotransmitter, list examples of neurotransmitters
5.  Distinguish between white matter and gray matter.
6.  Describe the events in a nerve impulse.  What is an action potential?  What ions are necessary?  What is a threshold?
7.  What happens at the synapse of neuron?
8.  What is a reflex?  Name two reflexes.
9.  Describe the 3 types of neurons:  multipolar, bipolar, unipolar
10.  Distinguish between the cervical enlargement and the lumbar enlargement.  (Where are they located, what do they control?)
11.  What is the difference between a gyri, a sulcus, and a fissure?
12.  Distinguish between ascending tracts and descending tracts of the spinal cord.   (sensory vs motor)
13.  Identify the locations of the large fissures of the brain:   lateral, longitudinal, transverse
14.  Know the layers of the meninges:  Dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater
15.  What connects the two hemispheres of the brain?
brain16.  Be able to label a brain on an image, also know what each area of the brain is responsible for.
17.  Know the lobes of the brain and where each is located.
18. Label a picture of the brain stem (diencephalon, thalamus, hypothalamus, pons, medulla oblongata, optic chiasma, pituitary gland)

19.  Define the four types of memory, describe tasks associated with each. 

See also Brain Crossword Puzzle