AP Biology Unit 1

Essential Questions: Chapter 1.1

1. How does scientific inquiry answer questions about the living world?

2. How do observations lead to scientific inferences?

3. How do scientific processes lead to a greater understanding of the natural world?

4. How can data be analyzed to determine the outcome of an experiment or set of observations?

5. How do scientists share information and build upon the work of others?

Essential Questions: Chapter 1.2

1. What properties are found in all living things?

2. How do scientists know when something is a living organism?

3. How are living things classified?

4. How do living things maintain homeostasis and why is that important?

Learning Objectives: Chapter 1.1 (The Science of Biology)

checkbox Design and/or evaluate a scientific investigation using evidence of scientific thinking and/or problem solving. ("What Not to Serve Buzzards")

checkbox Summarize the steps of the scientific method.

checkbox Interpret and analyze data to make predictions and/or defend conclusions; graph data according to scientific conventions

checkbox Identify the dependent and independent variables in an experiment. (DRY MIX)

checkbox Evaluate data by calculating standard deviation, mean, and median.

checkbox Make specific statements that demonstrate inductive/deductive reasoning; explain how this type of reasoning is used in science.

checkbox Discuss the limitations of scientific processes. (falsifibiability, natural causation, proving negatives, confirmation bias, correlation/causation)

checkbox Explain the importance of peer review and publication.

checkbox Explain how theories are used in science, contrast to how laws are used.

checkbox Compare and contrast the structure and function of a compound microscope, stereomicroscope, SEM, and TEM.

checkbox Demonstrate proper use of a compound microscope in order to make observations and estimate size.

Learning Objectives: Chapter 1.2 (Themes and Concepts of Biology)

checkbox Define and provide examples of each level of organization; define emergent properties.

checkbox Describe the properties of life.

checkbox Examine a set of observations about nanobacteria and make a determination regarding whether nanobacteria should be considering a living organism. (Case Study)

checkbox Establish a relationship between energy , regulation, and homeostasis.

checkbox Appreciate the diversity of life, providing examples of organisms found in each of the 3 domains

checkbox Describe how organisms are grouped and named used modern classification systems (taxonomy).

Chapter 2: The Chemical Foundation of Life

Essential Questions: Chapter 2

1. What are ions and how are they important in biological processes?

2. How do the properties of what make it able to sustain life?

3. How does the molecular structure of a compound influence its function?

4. How do molecules form the building blocks for living systems?

checkbox Describe the difference between ions and atoms and explain the important of ions in biological processes.

checkbox Compare the types of bonding between atoms to form molecules.

checkbox Identify subatomic particles and describe how they are arranged in atoms; be able to use a periodic table.

checkbox Define isotope and provide examples of how isotopes are used in medicine and other branches of science.

checkbox Explain how the properties of water make water essential for life on Earth.

checkbox Compare an acid to a base, paying close attention to how hydrogen ions play a role in these types of compounds.

checkbox Explain the difference between organic and inorganic compounds.

checkbox Define isomer and provide examples of structural isomers (glucose & fructose)

checkbox Describe the properties of the carbon atom that make the diversity of carbon compounds possible.

checkbox Identify functional groups of organic compounds and provide examples.

checkbox Discuss how the chemical structure of alcohols influence the effect on living systems (Article: Wood Alcohol Poisonings)


Essential Questions: Chapter 3

1. How do atoms form bonds to create molecules and macromolecules?

2. What is the basic structure of the four macromolecules found in living systems?

3. How do each of the four types of organic macromolecules function in living systems?

4. How are carbohydrates used in plants and animals as energy storage molecules?

5. How does the structure of DNA enable it to be an information storing molecule?


Chapter 3: Biological Macromolecules

checkbox Compare hydrolysis to dehydration synthesis with regard to how macromolecules are formed and broken down.

checkbox Identify and/or describe the basic molecular structure of:

checkbox Describe structure and provide examples of:

checkbox Explain how the folding of proteins into their different shapes affects their overall function