AP Biology Ch 1 and Ch 2 Study Guide / Learning Objectives

Use this page as a review guide to check on topics you have been introduced to. The test will be a mix of multiple choice questions (these are low level, vocabulary type questions similar to what you have encountered on the chapter quizzes) and short answer and free response questions.

Learning Objectives: Chapter 1.1 (The Science of Biology)

buzzard

checkbox Design and/or evaluate a scientific investigation using evidence of scientific thinking and/or problem solving. ("What Not to Serve Buzzards")

checkbox Summarize the steps of the scientific method.

checkbox Interpret and analyze data to make predictions and/or defend conclusions; graph data according to scientific conventions

checkbox Identify the dependent and independent variables in an experiment. (DRY MIX)

checkbox Evaluate data by calculating standard deviation, mean, and median. Be able to identify how error bars are used in scientific data collection and data analysis.

checkbox Make specific statements that demonstrate inductive/deductive reasoning; explain how this type of reasoning is used in science.

checkbox Discuss the limitations of scientific processes. (falsifibiability, natural causation, proving negatives, confirmation bias, correlation/causation)

checkbox Explain the importance of peer review and publication.

checkbox Explain how theories are used in science, contrast to how laws are used.

Learning Objectives: Chapter 1.2 (Themes and Concepts of Biology)

checkbox Define and provide examples of each level of organization; define emergent properties.

checkbox Describe the properties of life and provide examples for how these properties can be observed.

checkbox Examine a set of observations about nanobacteria and make a determination regarding whether nanobacteria should be considering a living organism. (Case Study)

checkbox Establish a relationship between energy , regulation, and homeostasis.

checkbox Appreciate the diversity of life, providing examples of organisms found in each of the 3 domains


Chapter 2: The Chemical Foundation of Life

This chapter is briefly discussed and is considered a review of basic chemistry. Read the chapter to refresh your memory on atoms, molecules, compounds and bonding. Skim the information about the periodic table and how it can be used to obtain information about specific elements. The main focus for for biology is the sections on water and on carbon.

checkbox Explain how the properties of water make water essential for life on Earth.

checkbox Compare an acid to a base, paying close attention to how hydrogen ions play a role in these types of compounds.

checkbox Define isomer and provide examples of structural isomers (glucose & fructose)

checkbox Describe the properties of the carbon atom that make the diversity of carbon compounds possible.

checkbox Identify functional groups of organic compounds and provide examples.

checkbox Discuss how the chemical structure of alcohols influence the effect on living systems (Article: Wood Alcohol Poisonings)